Dr. Gruber’s academic appointments include several decades as a professor at MIT, Boston College, Northeastern University, and work as a research associate at Harvard Business School


  • Co-caught the MIT Sloan School advanced MIS course with Dr. John F. Rockart, then Director of the MIT Center for Information Systems Research.

  • Co-taught the MIT Government Science Policy course with the late Professor Robert C. Wood, then Chairman of the MIT Political Science Department

  • Co-taught the MIT Sloan School graduate course on the integration of behavioral science, economics, and systems with Donald Marquis.

  • Co-taught the MIT course Management for Scientists and Engineers with Leo Moore, professor of management at MIT 


Grant Funds: Dr. Gruber’s academic research was supported by grants to MIT and Harvard Business School from:


  • NASA

  • U.S. Department of Energy

  • IBM

  • National Science Foundation.


MIT Scanlon Plan of Union Management Cooperation:  Dr. Gruber assisted Frederick G. Lesieur, director of the MIT Scanlon Plan of Union Management Cooperation, an early application of participative management championed by MIT professor Douglas McGregor in his Theory X and Theory Y vision of future labor relations (included in a chapter of The Scanlon Plan: A Frontier in Labor-Management Cooperation, Edited by Fredrick Lesieur, 1958). Dr. Gruber calculated the productivity gains to be shared between workers and management, a practice that is now an input to the Accountable Care Organization (ACO) concept.


Technology global competitive advantage: Dr. Gruber gave a number of talks in Europe, including at the Atlantic Institute on the “technology factor in international trade and investment.” In response to high technology United States firms leadership in Europe, Jean-Jaques Servan-Schreiber raised this threat in his book Le Défi Américain (1967). The president of France, Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, launched a program to create a French university with the power to meet the challenge of United States technology, MIT was perceived to be an exemplar. Dr. Gruber was invited to represent MIT in a conference in Deauville, France.

© 2019 William H. Gruber